TANZANIA NATIONAL PARKS
A. ESTABLISHMENT HISTORY
In September 2005, the Government expanded the park area to include all the Forest Reserve on the mountain. The current lower boundary of the park therefore, is the lower boundary of the montane forest (1,820m a.m.s.l.). The excision of the Forest Reserve to the Park was effected and notified via Government Notice No 278 of September, 2005.
A2 �SIZE AND LOCATION
During its establishment,
This magnificent volcanic massif is composed of one extinct
and two dormant volcanoes lying in a west easterly axis. These distinct
volcanoes which form the three peaks of the mountain are Shira to the west,
Kibo in the middle and Mawenzi to the east. Shira is extinct while the other
two are dormant. Shira is 3,962m (13,000ft), Kibo (the main and tallest peak)
5,895m 919,340ft) and Mawenzi 5,149m (16,803ft) a.m.s.l. The mountain is
located between latitudes 2050″ to 3010″ S
and longitudes 37010″ to 37040″ E, 330 km
south of the equator on the northern boundary of
A3. PARK�S PURPOSE AND SIGNIFICANCE
The majestic Kilimanjaro, considered being
The park was established;
� to protect and interpret Africa�s highest mountain and one of the world�s largest free standing mountain and one of the world�s best known geologic features with exceptional natural and scenic beauty.
� to protect the ecological integrity of the mountain, its habitats for threatened, endangered, endemic and rare species, and
� to protect the mountain�s vital function as a watershed.
� The Kilimanjaro volcanic massif is one of the world�s largest volcanoes, reaching over 5,000m above the surrounding plains with snow-capped summit, is an area of exceptional beauty and superlative natural phenomena.
Mount Kilimanjaro represents the worldwide image
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in
Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the few mountain
ecosystems located close to the equator, has large expanse of ice glaciers with
the greatest extent of alpine desert of all the glaciated equatorial mountains
Mount Kilimanjaro�s montane forest is one of the
most important water catchment areas in all of
A4. DECLARED A WORLD HERTAGE SITE/PROPERTY
a) Natural property
(iii) ��Superlative natural phenomena, exceptional
natural beauty. As the largest�� �single free-standing mountain mass in the
(iv)�� Habitat of rare and endangered species. The park supports a variety of rare and endemic plants and animal species.
The formation of
The current shape of
The climate is mainly influenced by the prevailing trade winds. There are two distinct main seasons in a year. A wet season (March to May) associated with heavy downpours, clouds and low temperatures. The dry season (June to October) has relatively moderate temperatures and frequent sunny days. There is however, a span of short rains (October to December) with light rains and a short dry spell (January to February) with dry, warm, clear days and light rain showers.
D. ECOLOGY OF THE PARK
Due to its massive size and height,
There is also abundant bird life represented by 405 species of which 179 are highland species. Examples are silvery cheeked hornbill, Hartlaub�s turaco, yellow vented bulbul, Alpine chat, streaky seed eater, Augur buzzard, Mountain buzzard, African crowned eagle, The Lammergeyer, white necked raven, Alpine swift, common stonechat and Scarlet-tufted malachite sunbird.
There is also a variety of insects, reptiles and amphibians. Beatles are extremely abundant, represented by 1,310 species.
Research and Ecological Monitoring
The park has an ecological monitoring programme that oversees all environmental and scientific issues and coordinates all scientific undertakings. Current undertakings include:� continuous collection and recording of weather parameters (temperatures, rainfall), periodic water quality assessment (sampling and analysis), monitoring of the effectiveness of the trash control system along climbing routes, survey of human/wildlife conflicts in the Kitendeni area and monitoring of effects of fire in burnt areas on the north eastern side of the mountain.
Various law enforcement, educational and community involvement activities are, all the time, carried out to protect and safeguard the park�s natural resources, particularly the montane forest and the wild animals.
Tourist activities include hiking to the summit, site seeing especially Shira plateau and Mahundi crater, forest walks along trails, animal and bird watching, and visits to cultural sites especially Kifinika. Tourists� infrastructures and facilities include the routes, camp sites, mountain hut stations, entrance gates and rescue unit.
The number of tourists visiting the park has been steadily increasing for the past 15 years. Average for the past five years was 29,000 annually.
Are involved in the management of the park in the preparation of the Park�s General Management Plan and in the various programmes under the park�s community Conservation Services set up. In this set up, the park:
(i) carries out activities to maintain and foster good neighbourhood (including conflict resolution, livestock-wildlife disease control and crop protection). The park also receives communities� support in protecting the park�s natural resources,
(ii) conducts conservation education and sensitization programmes (school visits, village, ward and division meetings and awareness campaigns), and
(iii) financially supports communities� initiated development/income generating projects.
Marangu park Headquarters is only 45km east of Moshi town, the Kilimanjaro regional HQ, and 91 km east of the Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA). There is a tarmac road from Arusha or KIA via Moshi all the way to Marangu Park HQ. Tourists flying in to KIA can easily reach any of the park�s six gates (Marangu, Mweka, Umbwe, Machame, Londorosi and Rongai/Nalemoru) by road from Arusha or Moshi.
For further information, please contact:�
The Chief Park Warden,
E-mail : [email protected]
Web:���� www.tanzaniaparks.co����������������������������������� �����
Chief Park Warden.