In Afghanistan there were examined the "lavatories" at the entrance to the holes of Marmota caudata Geoffroy. The most frequent here were the representatives of the specific subgenus Altonthophagus Kabakov from the genus Onthophagus: O.(A.) marmotae Kabakov (in mountains Kohi Baba, Hindukush and above the forests in mountains of Nuristan - 3000-4600 m above sea level); less frequent were O. (A.) concolor Sharp. (in the holes at the upper boundary of the forests in Nuristan). Both species evidently hatsch the posterity in undeep holes under accumulated bobacs excrements, where their larvae and chrysalises had been found, and they are typical nidicols. The species O. (P.) sutleinensis Splichal, O.(P.) conspersus Rtt., Caccobius denticollis Har., C. himalayanus Zekel, A. (s.str.) fimetarius (L.) and A. (Calomosternus) granarius (L.) are more offen met in the excrements of catlle, horses, bears and others, especially in spring months (III-V), and pass on to bobacs excrements only in summer (VI-IX). All of them are facultative nidicols.
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