Holarctic Marmots as a factor of Biodiversity.
Rumiantsev V.Yu;, Nikol'skii A.A. & Brandler O.V. eds.,
Abstracts, 3d Conference on Marmots (Cheboksary, Russia, 25-30 August 1997),
Moscow ABF 1997, 216p. : 206.


E.I. Zholnerovskaya

Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

Siberian Museum is the largest depositary of zoological materials in Asian part of Russia. Siberian theriological collection is one of the 3 which have more than 100 000 samples of mammals (Rossolimo, 1985; Zholnerovskaya, 1995) and is one of 13 largest collections of the world (Angermann, 1989; Genoways, Schlitter, 1982). Collection of marmots consist of 1004 specimens unique by the way it's specifics.

The main collection (737 specimens) concern to Marmota baibacina Kastschenko, 1899, in the main to the most interesting of the systematical plan altai-mongolian "knot" of marmots (602 specimens) from Kosh-Agachskyi district of Mountain Altai: 1932-1933 - collection of E.M. Korzinkina, 1958-1962 - L.I. Galkina, 1985 - E.I. Zholnerovskaya, and 1 specimens from Mongolia (Sailyugem range, 1980, E.I. Zholnerovskaya). Well presenteds (118 specimens) is ecologically isolated M. b. kastschenkoi Stroganov et Judin, 1956 (Novosibirskaya region, 1931-1977, L.I. Galkina and B.S. Yudin). The holotype of this subspecies is keeping in the Siberian Zoological Museum. Most interesting are 13 skulls from Dzhungarskyi Alatau (1987, V.K. Zinchenko). The two skulls from island population are unique (Tuva, Island on Lake Khindiktig-Khol, 1989, E.I. Zholnerovskaya).

There are 111 specimens of M. bobac Muller, 1776. In the majority it is M. b. schaganensis Bazhanov, 1930 from Kazakhstan: Turgaiskaya region (1958, 4 skulls), Tselinogradskaya region (80 specimens, including embryons, 1957, L.I. Galkina; 1966, S.V. Tomskikh). Well presented is M. b. kozlovi Fokanov, 1966 - 25 skulls from Uljanovskaya region, 1985, E.I. Zholnerovskaya.

M. sibirica Radde, 1862 from the Museum are 134 specimens. Good presented M. s. sibirica Radde, 1862: 4 skulls from Buryatia (1972, 1973, Ts.Z. Dorzhiev), 66 skulls from Chitinskaya region (different years, since 1929 - P. Yakishov, to 1957 - B.I. Peshkov, S.V. Tomskikh). M. sibirica from Tuva (33 specimens) concern apparently to M. s. caliginosus Bannikov et Skalon, 1949 (1945, 1947, A.I. Yanushevich; 1965, N.D. Ovodov; 1976, V.V. Suntsov). Be of the special importance in my view has series of skulls (31 specimens) from Mongolia (Khangai range, 1977, Yu.G. Shvetsov; Khenteiskyi district, 1980, E.I. Zholnerovskaya).

There are 11 skulls of M. caudata Geoffroy, 1842 from Tadjikistan: Leninabadskaya region, 1952, V.I. Chernyshov, 1959, I.I. Lindt, and Mountain Badakhshan - 1972, R.A. Polovinkina. M. camtschatica Pallas, 1811 (7 specimens) concern to the M. c.doppelmayeri Birula, 1922 (Buryatia, 1975, Yu.G. Shvetsov; 1990, E.I. Zholnerovskaya) and M. c. camtschatica Pallas, 1811 (Kamchatka, Sredinny range, 1990, V.A. Tokarsky). Two specimens of M. menzbieri Kaschkarov, 1925 are in the collection obtain from Kirghizstan, Chatkalsky range, 1991, E.I. Zholnerovskaya.

You can see also M. marmota Linnaeus, 1758 (1 skin with skull, 1992, S. Jager), and nearctic M. flaviventris Audubon et Bachman, 1841 (1 skull, 1979, C.F. Nadler) received by exchange.

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